Monday, 6 April 2020

Translate Into English From Gujarati

It is important to know why the English sentence is formed.

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  There is a shift in English and Gujarati syntax. Remember the following few pronouns before learning the syntax.

  A pronoun is a word used instead of a name.

  Everyone uses the word 'I' for themselves. More than one person uses the word 'we' for himself. Uses 'you' or 'you' for others and 'it' for a third person and 'they' for individuals. The English adjectives of these words are as follows.

I I I We We

You you

He (He) They (The)

    (Female) She (Shi) "

 It (it) for inanimate object "

  In Gujarati, whether it is a man, a woman, a girl or a boy - a beast - or an inanimate object, we use the pronoun "it". But it is not so in English that the pronoun 'He' is used for male or female, 'She' for female or feminine and 'It' pronoun for the younger tribe.

(1) This is Ramesh.
        This is Ramesh.
        He goes to school.
        He goes to school.

(2) This is Saroj.
        This is Saroj.
        She goes to school.
        He goes to school.

(3) This is a bat.
        This is a bat.
        It is my bat.
        That's my bat.

Also remember the following forms of these pronouns:

(1) My (My) - Our Our

(2) Thy Thy - Your Thy

(3) His (His) - Their Their
               (Female) Her (Her) - "
         Its (Its) - "

(4) Me (Me) - Us Us

(5) Thee (The) - You (The)

(6) Him (Him) Him (Him) - Them (Them)

            (Female) Her - "

(New) It - "

     Verbs do not occur in a sentence without the verb 'verb' in any language The verb is called verb in English. The prime position in the sentence is the verb.
     As the action takes place, so does the performer. The creator of the action is called the "doer". In English the subject is called the Subject, the participant is present or the syllable is to be understood.
     The verb on which the sentence takes place is called "karma". The word karma is called Object in English. Sometimes a sentence has no karma. Sometimes there are also two karmas.
     In Gujarati the sentence is formed first with the word "karta", then "karma" and then "kriyapad". like,

    Ramesh reads the book.
(1) (doer) (2) (karma) (3) (verb)

     But in English one has to first construct the sentence "karta" followed by "kriyapad" and then "karma". like ,

 Ramesh reads a book
    Ramesh Reads A Book
(1) (act) (2) (verb) (3) (karma)
(Ramesh reads book.)

     Note: - By asking the verb "who", the verb is found. For example, the verb "reads" we ask: -

Who reads? Answer: - Ramesh (Actor)
      Asking "Shu" to the verb, one gets karma, as we ask the verb "reads": -

What reads Answer: - Book (Karma)

Examine some of the following sample sentences exactly: -

(1) I play cricket.
        I play cricket.
       I play cricket
       I play cricket

(2) Cow eats grass
       The cow eats grass.
         The Cow It's Grass
          The cow eats grass.

(3) Suresh sings a song.
       Shuresh sings song.
          Suresh Sings Song
          Suresh sings the song.

(4) The baby is drinking milk.
       A baby drinks milk.
      A Baby Drinks Milk.
      The baby is drinking milk.

(5) I like this toy.
         I like this toy.
       I like this toy.
       I love this toy

Remember: -

This (this) singular,
These (plural),
That, that, the beloved,
Those (plural),

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